10首关于历史的古诗

1、李白《洛城春夜听笛》:

某人的玉笛声悄然飞扬,传入春风,充满洛城。

在这夜曲里,听到柳树折断的声音,谁不禁感触家乡的爱呢?

要理解标题中“折柳”的含义,关键是要理解“柳”的形象。 学生所学的课文包括一些常见的古诗词,如“柳岸晓风萧”(刘永《玉林令》)、“笛闻断柳,未见春色”(李白《宋霞曲》)”)、“羌笛何以怨柳? 春风不过玉门关”(王之涣《凉州词》),往日我已逝,杨柳还在”(《诗经·采薇》)。 还有北朝乐府的《鼓号横吹乐》中有《折柳枝》,歌词是:“上马时不接鞭子,反折柳枝”。 下马吹笛,担心杀了客人。 ”

由此我们可以了解到,“柳”在古诗词中有着特殊的含义。 “柳”与“柳”,柔美飘逸,随风摇曳,谐音。 另外,古人还有折柳送行的习俗,很容易引申到“柳——柳——告别——依依不舍”的程度。 它提醒人们,离别的人看到柳树,就会想起离别的时候依依不舍的情景,就会浮现出赠柳送别的情景,心中会涌起一缕缕离别的悲伤。 这样,就更容易理解诗中“折柳”二字所蕴含的“见别惜远”的含义了。

2、独自漫步河边寻花

杜甫

黄四娘家开满鲜花。

万千花朵压在枝头。

蝴蝶时时翩翩起舞,

黄莺自由地鸣叫。

【简要分析】

唐肃宗元元元年(公元760年),诗人杜甫经历乱世后,流落四川成都。 他在西郊浣花溪畔建了一座茅草屋。 他暂时有了一个落脚的地方,感觉还算舒服。 春天,花开之时,他独自漫步江边赏花,写下了七首绝句中的第六首《独行江边寻花》。

第一句“黄四娘家开满鲜花”,指明了发现鲜花的地点。 “芊”是小路的意思。 “小路开满鲜花”,就是小路开满鲜花,连成一片。 第二句是“万朵花压枝头”。 “万千鲜花”形容数量众多。 《压枝低》中的“压”、“低”字用得十分贴切、形象,生动地描绘了春花层层密密,又大又密,把枝条重重地压弯了。 这句话是上一句“人”字的体现。 第三句“蝴蝶一直在跳舞”。 “徘徊”形容蝴蝶飞来飞去,不愿离去。 这句话从侧面描述了春天花儿的鲜香。 事实上,诗人也被五彩缤纷的春花所吸引,不曾离开。 第四句是“黄雀在唱”。 “娇”形容莺歌的柔和、醇厚。 “只哭”是指诗人来赏花时,黄莺也在歌唱。 正因为诗人心里高兴,他就理所当然地认为黄莺是专门为他唱歌的。 这与上一句说“彩蝶缠春花”是一样的。 它们都是对物体产生共情的方法。 因为诗人成功地运用了这种技巧,将物我相融,创造出互相共鸣的场景,这首小诗读起来更加亲切有趣。

3. 望庐山瀑布

李白

阳光下香炉里冒出紫色的烟雾,远处可以看到千川河上挂着的瀑布。

飞流落三千尺,疑银河坠天。

香炉指的是庐山的香炉峰。 “在庐山西北,其峰尖圆,烟云聚散,形如博山香炉”(乐适《太平环宇集》)。 然而,在诗人李白的笔下,却变成了另一番景象:一座高耸的香炉缓缓升起,化作一团团白烟,飘渺在青山蓝天之间,在阳光的照射下,又化作一朵紫色的云彩。红太阳。 这不仅使香炉峰更加美丽,而且充满了浪漫主义色彩,为奇特的瀑布营造了一个不寻常的背景。 随后诗人将目光移向山壁上的瀑布。 “远望瀑布挂千川”,前四个字为标题; “挂前川”是“望”的第一意象。 瀑布就像一条巨大的白色链条高悬在山水之间。 “挂”字很妙。 化动为静,生动地展现了“远观”中飞流直下的瀑布形象。 谁能“吊死”这个庞然大物? “多么伟大的创造啊!” 因此,“挂”字还包含着诗人对大自然神奇力量的赞叹。 第三句也描述了瀑布的动态。 “飞落三千尺”,每一笔都摇曳生姿,每一个字都铿锵有力。 “飞”字把瀑布喷涌而出的景象描述得十分形象; “直下”二字,既形容山的高峻,又表现水流的急速。 从高空急速下降的感觉仿佛就在眼前。 但诗人仍觉得不够,又写了一句:“疑银河落入天”。 真想坠落到天外,震撼心灵。 《疑似是》值得细细品味。 诗人明明是在茫然中说出来的,读者也知道并非如此,但都觉得只有这样写才会更加生动、真实。 神秘之处在于,诗人之前的描述已经催生了这个想法。 一个图像。 看! 雄伟的香炉峰隐藏在云雾之中。 远远望去,瀑布就像是从云端流下来,落在天空中。 这自然让人觉得就像一条银河从天而降。 可见,“疑银河落空”的比喻虽然奇怪,但在诗中并不是凭空而来,而是从形象的描绘中自然而然地产生的。 夸张而又自然,新颖而又真实,使整篇文章生机勃勃,使整个形象更加丰富多彩、雄伟壮丽。 它不仅给人们留下了深刻的印象,而且留下了想象的空间,表明了李白“骤降万里,而终犹刚”的艺术风格。

4.弹簧残量

翁宏

又到了春末,如何才能带出绿色的窗帘呢?

落花人独立,小燕子齐飞。

守望的灵魂即将消亡,岁月流逝的梦想也即将消亡。

悲暮值得期待,黄昏蝉鸣。

这首诗写的是一位妇女在暮春时怀了一个人。 第一句题写得不拘一格。 一句话中,以“你”字开头,以“也”字结尾,并用副词和情态助词并用,这在诗歌中是很少见的。 但作者用得很自然,使句子突兀,加强了语气,强化了诗中女主人公的悲伤,笼罩了全诗,不失为一种新颖的写法。 “你”字也对应下面的“景年”二字,暗示女子在去年的这个时候与爱人分别,因此对物候变化特别敏感。 第二句“如何走出绿幕”“如何”,有一种不堪回首的意味。 从第一句话来看,这个女人去年这个时候正在经历分离之痛。 一年过去了,记忆犹新,而现在,在这个时间这个地点,她怎么敢再次经历这样的痛苦! 所以不敢戴绿帘。 我又联系了下联,发现自己不敢出来却真的出来了。 人在极度郁闷的时候,往往会陷入这样的自相矛盾之中。这将女人如梦如醉的神态描绘得淋漓尽致,从而凸显出她的思念有多么深沉。

5.《出发》

从前,大海里没有水,但除了巫山之外,什么也没有。 摘完一束花,懒洋洋地回头一看,一半注定要修道,一半注定要做王。

看了沧海和巫山,感觉其他地方的海和云都没有那么好。

虽然花很美,但我懒得看。 我的一半爱情,还是和我的心上人,在这里修道。

对寻找新关系不感兴趣

6. 宾客到来

杜甫

屋子南北都有泉水,但每天都能看到一群鸥来。

花路从来没有被游人扫过,现在大门为你敞开。

潘乡城远无建味,唯有瓶酒铺里的老醅,贫贱不堪。

我愿意和邻居一起喝酒,隔着栅栏打电话喝完剩下的一杯。

这是一首充满浓郁生活气息的纪事诗,表达了诗人淳朴的性格和热情的心情。 作者自己的注释:“很高兴崔明福路过”,简单地解释了标题的含义。

首、二句以室外景色开头,表示客人来访的时间、地点以及作者来访前夕的心境。 “屋南屋北都有泉水”,把绿水环绕、泉水潺潺的环境表达得非常美丽可爱。 这就是成都临河草堂。 “玖”字寓意春江水溢的景象,给人以江水浩瀚、浩瀚之感。 在古籍中,成群的海鸥常常是水边隐士的伴侣。 他们的到来“天天”凸显了环境的宁静与安宁,给作者的生活增添了一份隐逸感。 “但见”有一个寓意:一群海鸥很可爱,但看不到其他游客太单调了! 作者就这样将情感融入景物之中,抒发了他在闲适江村的孤独心情。 这巧妙地为贯穿整首诗的欢迎气氛铺平了道路。

下巴对联将笔触转向庭院,引向“客来”。 作者采用了与客人交谈的语气,增强了客人与主人谈话的真实生活体验。 前一句说的是铺满花草的庭院小路还没有打扫干净迎接客人。 下一句说的是,一向紧闭的府门,今天被你们崔明府第一次打开了。 孤独之中,一向悠闲自在的主人,当客人到来时,不禁大喜过望。 这两句话相互映衬,感情深厚。 上一句不仅是客人不常来,而且主人也不会轻易地表达客人的愿望。 如今,“君”来了,更进一步展现了两人之间深厚的友谊,也让后续的酣畅淋漓、欢乐的经历成为可能。 第二句的“今为始”,使前句的意思显得更加超然,与第一联相得益彰。

上面虚写客人到了,下面转实写“待客”。 作者抛弃了其他情节,选择了最能表现宾主友情的生活场景。 “潘乡城远无美食美酒兼备,瓶酒铺穷,只有老醅”,让我们仿佛看到了作者请客吃饭、频频劝人喝酒的情景,听到作者的话语对于食物和酒不够丰富表示歉意:离市场很远去逛街确实不方便,菜品也很简单,而且我买不起昂贵的酒,所以只能用自酿的老酒。 请放心使用! 家常话听起来很亲切,我们很容易感受到主人的真诚待客和未能如愿的歉意。 也能体会到主客之间的深厚情谊。 字里行间有一种和谐的气氛。

“宾至如归”的感觉在这里似乎已经写得淋漓尽致。 如果从正面来描述欢乐的场景,那就显得浅显无味了。 但诗人却巧妙地用了“愿与邻人饮酒,隔着篱笆呼喝完余杯”。 结,将餐桌上的气氛推向了更加热烈的高潮。 诗人大声喊叫,邀请邻居一起喝酒。 这段描写细腻而真实。 可想而知,两个好友越喝越热情。 喝得越多,气氛就越是兴奋、欢快。 就写作而言,最后两句真是一个转折,一个新境界。

7.陆柴【王伟】

空山里看不到任何人,但能听到人们的声音。 回到森林深处,光芒再次照耀在绿色的苔藓上。

【简析】《鹿柴》这首诗是王维山水诗中的重要代表作。 表达了诗人对大自然空灵境界的追求和喜爱,这也是他隐居忘川的乐趣之一。 这首诗的最大特点是充满了绘画境界。 宋人刘辰翁在《唐诗集》卷三十九中说:“无声而有画意。” 清代沈德潜《唐诗别彩》卷十九发展了刘氏之说:“美不在语言,同陶公‘采菊东篱下,悠然见南山’。” ” 王维的诗与陶渊明的空灵、隐逸是相似的境界。 也就是说,这首诗的优点在于苏轼评王维时所说的“诗中有画”。 前两句虽然空山不见人,但“空山不见人”,形容的是山林的宁静。 后两句描写光线回到森林深处,照亮青苔。 这就是画卷中主角看到的场景。 两者的结合,创造出一幅人与景相互依存的绝佳画卷。 这首诗重要的艺术手法是对比,用来突出诗人要描写的中心内容,即“孤独”二字,前两句表达为“无人见”,最后两句为“on the moss”。 前两句,诗人的目的是写他在山里“不见人”,所以山只是一座“空”山。 紧接着,一声“人声”打破了山林的宁静。 这种技术是一种对比。 这与南朝梁人王绩的名句“鸟鸣山更幽”相吻合,他用鸟鸣来体现山林的宁静。 同样,诗人最后两句的目的是写森林深处的幽暗景色,即突出“苔藓上”的“幽”景。 但他并没有直接描述整个山林的黑暗,而是让一道光芒照入森林深处,依然照在青苔上。 这就给读者一种明处不言而喻、静处不言而喻的感觉。 它很僻静,而且与这个觉者相比,那僻静的地方就显得更加幽静了。 这首诗体现了诗人对自然的热爱和对世俗官场的厌倦。

苏建德江[孟浩然]

移船至砚竹,宾客愁新至黄昏。 空旷树低,江上明月近人。

【简析】唐诗中有很多反映旅行之愁、思乡之情的作品。 这首诗描写了诗人旅途中的思乡之情。 全诗的抒情重点在于第二句“客愁新”三个字。 诗的开头就暗示了诗人的忧郁,这是最容易激起游子思乡之情的时候。 第二句,诗人用“新”字形容突如其来的忧郁。 诗中的“新”字可以解释为“新生”或“突然诞生”。 后两句景物皆出自“可走信”三字。 由于它的背景是如此浩瀚无边,所以常常被突出显示,使其显得特别矮小,仿佛被天地压扁了一样。 这就是“低矮的天空之树”。 三个字的意境。 诗人用穆天能推倒一棵孤树的夸张笔调,生动地描述了他内心郁闷的心情。 这就是见不到亲人的悲凉。 “江水清月近人”,是指由于河水清澈,月亮在水中的倒影显得又大又圆。 当人们在船上看它时,感觉它似乎离自己特别近。 诗人还对这句话赋予了深切的情感,即以月亮的亲近来写它的灵性。 它似乎明白了诗人难以解脱的乡愁和无法抗拒的思乡之情,于是便能从中解脱出来。 这就是“月已近人”这句话的意思。 这样看来,这首诗的最后两句就不是纯粹的写景,而是渗透着诗人浓重情感色彩的风景语言,是情于景的名句。 清人张千彝写道:“‘低’字、‘近’字,所谓宋人诗眼,却无迹可寻,此乃唐诗之美。” 天上挂着一轮明月,却也体贴入微,似乎与诗人越来越有联系。 越来越近,给诗人在孤独中增添了一丝温暖和亲切感。 这首诗的忧伤读起来就显出它的优雅,而“新”字也可以看出,在人生的旅途中,随时会产生不同的感受,最终都会与明月相伴,但它是不变的。生活的情感安慰。

8.芙蓉楼送别辛俭【王昌龄】

寒雨夜入吴,晨送客于褚山谷。 洛阳亲友相问如玉壶冰心。

【简析】王昌龄被誉为唐代“七绝圣人”。 他的《七绝》写得感情深厚,怨愤无穷,寓意无穷,受到世人的高度赞扬。 这首诗是一首艺术品质很高、个性鲜明的告别诗。 天宝元年(742年)后,王昌龄在江宁城任职期间写下这首诗。 此前,王昌龄于开元二十七年(739年)被贬为岭南泗水尉。 寿被贬为江宁县令。 至天宝七年(748年),被贬到边远的龙表地区(今湖南省千阳市)。 他屡遭非议,仕途不佳。 与王昌龄同时代的尹在《河月皇陵记》中说:“长龄是一个仁义有余的人,但晚季如果不小心行事,谗言就会沸沸扬扬,再次经历荒野,让认识他的人感到怜悯。” 意思是王昌龄晚年不注重细节,引起了大家的议论,两次被贬到偏僻的地方。 其实,这并不是王昌龄的错。 这正是从王昌龄的“畏谗言”(《赠张给燕使》)和“世间是非多”(《送东林廉师回庐山》)的诗中得来的。 使者可知道,其实是因为他狂妄的性格不符合世俗。 这首诗前两句对风雨景色的描写,可以说是诗人险境的直观表现。 面对蕴含着丰富内涵的寒雨孤山的描写,只能将寒雨孤山视为险情的一种艺术表现。 :冷雨指的是社会上的流言蜚语,孤山指的是自己的软弱。 只有这样,才能与下文的文字联系更加紧密,才能更好地表达诗人此时此刻请求他人理解的心态。 “玉壶冰心”这句诗如今已成为名句,但也有它的根源。 陆机《汉功臣颂》有“心若持冰”,其中冰比喻心灵的纯洁。 鲍照的《白头吟》云:“直如红丝绳,清如玉壶冰”,用冰来比喻人的纯真。 姚崇《冰壶戒律》序云:“洞清无瑕,天清见底。当官解之,亦有类似情形!故内身纯冰。” ,外体玉润,此乃君子冰壶之德。” ”这用冰来比喻为官的气节。从形象设计上来说,王昌龄的《玉壶冰心》可以融古今之精华,从内容拓展上来说,可以用全诗的告别之意不是别的词,而是诗人高尚的情操和愿望的表达。作者对自己失意命运的怨恨,最后两句深化了主题,将诗人的人格和诗歌带入了异世界的最高境界,因而独树一帜,成为一首精彩的歌曲。

9.凉州歌[汪涵]

发光的葡萄酒杯会立即提醒您是否想喝琵琶。 主啊,不要在战场上醉倒时笑。 古代有多少人打过仗?

【简析】这首诗属于盛唐变塞诗中著名的七言诗。 诗歌的主题一直备受争议,也是大量思想的来源。 诗人写文章时,就从喝酒开始,在诗的第一句中就放置了葡萄、美酒、夜光杯三件精美的东西。 这使得全诗一开始就有一种光辉灿烂的气氛。 绚丽的气氛给读者营造出一种静谧而诱人的感觉,为接下来的抒情定下了基调。 同时,首句中的葡萄、美酒、夜光杯,均来自西域,“故皆当地风景,符合边塞意境”(深祖《略解西域》) 《唐诗七绝》),这是其中之一。 另外,还需要注意的是,这三件物品是先秦以来从国外输入的。 现在,出征前夕,士兵们被要求手持夜光杯,喝葡萄酒。 隐含的意义是非常明显的。 只愿他们早日战胜外敌,取得更大的胜利。 这样,在讨论这首诗的主要抒情倾向时,这首诗应该被视为表达了盛唐将领的豪迈不羁精神。 除了以上两段可以作为论据外,还有以下依据。 首先,《唐代才子传》评论汪涵的诗词,说他的作品“多有瑰丽之词”。 第一句与“礼”字完全相关,后两句与“壮”字完全相关。 其次,史不华在《贤女诗》中评价这首诗:“如果用悲伤的语言写,读起来就容易,如果用幽默的语言写,读起来就美妙。”是由学者来理解的。” 这意味着这首诗应该被解读为悲伤的语言。 ,但如果这样的话,就失去了点,所以是“浅”的。 而如果读作“玩笑”,那就意味着你不把“多少人会回来”放在心上,只要上马冲锋杀戮,胜利就会属于你。 这样,诗人的英雄抱负就通过“笑话”来表达,故而“妙”。 自古以来,能在战场上生存的人有几个? 然而,军人的命运和荣誉却与战场息息相关。 这是军人不可避免的命运。 是豪迈还是悲凉,留给读者去思考和理解。 这首诗也取决于主题。 发人深省,增添了艺术魅力和感染力。

10.五衣巷【刘禹锡】

朱雀桥边野草繁花,乌衣巷口夕阳西下。 昔日,王谢堂面前的燕子飞进寻常百姓家。

【简析】这是一首脍炙人口的怀旧诗。 诗人用高度的艺术手段表达了回望今昔的沧桑,揭示了世事无常之感。 这首诗是《金陵五题》系列的第二首。 描写了朱雀桥边乌衣巷的古今巨变,描写了金陵城的荒凉。 它揭示了封建富裕集团虽然可以掌握一时的权力,但最终也难逃衰落的结局。 这首诗抒发了人生的沧桑、坎坷,寓意深刻。 这是一首古诗,但其写法与一般的怀旧诗有很大不同。 诗中重点描写了燕子,它的主人从富翁变成了平民。 抒发了诗人追忆金陵历史遗迹后对古今的感想,因而十分独特。 现在诗人说燕子又来了,但它们生活的人们却与以前大不相同了,变成了普通的平民,从而表达了诗人对历史沧桑的感受。 这使得意境不清晰。 有些人不明白史布亚说的话。 他认为“这首诗的意思很明确,从燕子身上表现出了现在和过去的区别……诗人(这里暗指史不雅)总是曲解诗人的意思,并用这个词来表达自己的意思。”例子是用来概括其余的。” 在这首诗中,刘禹锡能够用燕子的行为来表达人事的变化,因而受到后人的高度赞赏。 如宋代辛弃疾在《沁园春》诗中云:“朱雀桥边谁知言,野草斜阳春燕飞”,表达了他的真诚。很欣赏刘禹锡的诗。 诗中,乌衣巷和朱雀桥两个地名,王家、谢家两个昔日的贵族,以及这两地人事的繁华变迁,描写了人生命运的无常。 这首诗是从侧面写的,借前景抒发古今之情。 其含蓄深刻,为后人所称道。

11.春望【杜甫】

国山水断,城内春草深。 花儿因感激而流泪,鸟儿因仇恨而惊恐。 战事持续三个月,一封家书价值万金。 白头抓痕更短,簪子里充满了情欲。

【简析】唐肃宗元年(756年)七月,杜甫报国心切,毅然告别家人,前往灵武。 不料途中被安史叛军俘虏,带到长安。 在长安期间,诗人亲眼目睹了这场叛乱所造成的严重灾难,心中充满了无限的忧虑和悲痛。 第二年春天,虽然是花香鸟语的美好季节,但诗人眼前看到的却是曾经繁华的都城,如今杂草丛生,荒凉不堪。 我被这一幕感动了,感触良多,写下了这首著名的爱国诗。 应该说,这里的忧伤、思乡是与忧国忧民紧密相连的; 而情感与景物的描写也相互渗透。 诗的前四句描写春城的衰落,充满感伤; 诗的后四句描写了思念亲人的困境,充满了遗憾。 场景的融合相当感人。 诗首联以凝重的笔墨和双句式,描写了战乱给京城带来的震撼人心的荒凉景象。 但在这荒凉之中,他却依然显得挺拔、挺拔。 The word “zai” in “The country has been destroyed, but the mountains and rivers are still there” contains the word “zai”, which contains the word “Zai” in “The country has been destroyed but the mountains and rivers are still there”, indicating that ZTE is hopeful, which reveals the poet’s firm belief in the reunification of the country. However, after all, this is a time when mountains and rivers are broken and city walls are in ruins. Therefore, the second couplet closely adheres to the poetic meaning of “Spring Hope” and expresses the poet’s sadness about national affairs with the empathetic technique of flowers and birds crying and sorrowful. The scenery embodies emotions, which are endlessly implicit and can be obtained by thinking, and the charm is profound and graceful. Then the sentence “Beacon Fire” succeeds the sentence “Feelings of Time”, and the sentence “Letter from Home” succeeds the sentence “Hateful Farewell”, which further deepens the poet’s emotion of being sad and sad for farewell. These two sentences express the eagerness of longing for news from relatives after a long absence. The language is simple and the feelings are sincere, which is quite popular among future generations. It links the fate of the individual with the fate of the country, sincerely and naturally. Finally, it ends with “the hairpin is shorter and the hairpin is more lustful”. It is not just about expressing sadness for one’s own aging, but also worrying that oneself is getting old and cannot contribute to the country. This is the real sadness. This not only structurally echoes the grief and indignation of the first couplet “Guopi”, but also expresses the poet’s patriotic feelings extremely vividly and profoundly. The whole poem has concise language, exquisite dialogues, blended scenes, and a seamless whole. It is a model work of five-character poetry. ”

12. Sending friends off [Li Bai]

Green mountains stretch across Beiguo, and white water surrounds Dongcheng. 在这里告别,然后在孤独而漫长的路上战斗。 行云流转,寄托着老友的爱意。 我挥挥手就走,马儿怒吼起来。

[Brief Analysis] Li Bai’s poem to say goodbye to his friends has smooth and lively language and sincere affection. It expresses his deep affection for his friends. The sentiment is gentle and the artistic conception is lofty. The couplets of the poem use brightly colored couplets to indicate the place of farewell and also imply farewell feelings. This green mountain and white water, isn’t it possible to gather together happily, but now we have to part ways, it is really sad. The following couplet, in flowing sentences, narrates the story of the long separation and expresses the attachment and concern for the friend. The third couplet is filled with infinite affection, one describing the wanderer’s erratic whereabouts in the future, and the other describing his own feelings of parting at this moment. The metaphors of floating clouds and setting sun not only visualize the beautiful feelings for friends, but also make them more profound. Although the last couplet expresses one’s feelings directly, it still contains infinite emotions. The use of allusions here is natural. “Wave your hand and go away, Xiaoxiao class horse roars.” The green mountains and white waters contrast with each other, the red sun and white clouds reflect each other, and the realm is completely revealed. The long-singing horse adds to the vitality of the picture. The beauty of nature and the beauty of human emotions are intertwined and flow naturally, disdainfully being bound by rules, exuding an air of elegance, and the farewell affection continues leisurely with the departure of friends.

13. Gu Congjun Xing [Li Qi]

During the day, I climbed the mountain to watch the beacon fire, and at dusk, I drank my horse by crossing the river. Pedestrians are fighting in the wind and the sand is dark, and the princess Pipa is full of resentments. There is no castle for thousands of miles while camping, and rain and snow fall all over the desert. Hu Yan flew away every night crying, Hu Er shed tears. When you hear that the jade gate is still covered, you should throw your life away. Every year the bones of the war are buried outside, and it is rare to see grapes entering the Han family.

[Brief analysis] “Controlling the Army” belongs to the old title of Yuefu’s “Xianghege·Pingdiaoqu”, which mostly writes about the bitterness and resentment of joining the army. During the Kaiyuan and Tianbao years of Tang Xuanzong and Li Longji, the wars fought in the northwest frontier of the motherland were relatively complex in nature, some were self-defense, and some were provocations. Judging from the content of this poem, it is against unjust wars. Just for the emperor’s selfish interests, starting the war has no benefit except sacrificing the vast number of soldiers. “Every year the bones of war are buried in the wilderness, but grapes are rarely seen entering the Han family,” referring to the Tang Dynasty through Han Dynasty. This condemnation is sharp and severe. Therefore, Shen Deqian said: “Exchanging human lives for things outside the Great Wall is a common mistake.” I wrote this poem as a warning to those who open the border. “Collection of Tang Poems” At the same time, in the poem, the author also expressed his deep sympathy for the misfortunes suffered by the ethnic minority people in the northwest frontier due to this unjust war. Hu Yan flew away every night while crying, and Hu Er shed tears. It was sincere and touching, which was rare and valuable in the feudal era. The whole poem can integrate reality and historical events, not only vividly showing the typical scene of the lonely desert thousands of miles away, but also expressing the poet’s strong feelings through the mutual contrast of the sorrow and resentment of the Han and Hu armies and the sharp contrast of bones and grapes. The critical spirit, in terms of art, has four verses and one rhyme, alternating between straight and oblique, and the tone is naturally exciting; and it often uses repeated words and dual sentence patterns, and the mood of the poem is swaying. It is a frontier poem with profound ideological content in the Tang Dynasty.

14. Drinking alone under the moon [Li Bai]

花间一壶酒,独酌无相亲。 举杯邀明月,三人在影中。 The moon doesn’t know how to drink, and its shadow follows me. For now, the moon will be shadowed, and we must have fun until spring. My singing moon lingers, my dancing shadows are scattered. They make love together when they are awake, but they separate when they are drunk. We will travel together forever, and we will meet each other in Miao Yunhan.

[Brief analysis] Li Bai gave up on his talent, his political ideals could not be realized, and he felt lonely and depressed. In this poem, the poet further refers to the bright moon as his close friend and expresses his feelings for the moon. “Drinking Alone under the Moon” is the first of four poems in total. The poem expresses the depression of being unable to meet a close friend. The poem rises suddenly, speaks directly from the heart, and expresses a kind of lonely and lonely thoughts and feelings. This feeling of loneliness cannot be driven away. So the poet used the imagination of strange objects and vivid descriptions, and regarded the bright moon as a close friend, inviting each other to drink. At the same time, he whimsically regarded his figure as a kindred spirit and invited him to have a drink with him. But the moon does not know how to drink, and the shadow follows it, which further highlights the poet’s loneliness. As Sun Zhu said: “The title book is drinking alone, and the poem is imaginary with three people. The moon shadow accompanies the story, and repeated inferences make it more and more unique. .” (Volume 1 of “Three Hundred Tang Poems”) Because they have known each other for a long time, the poet had to take the bright moon and the shadow as his companion, singing to the moon and dancing to the shadow to relieve his deep depression. The connection will further lead to the everlasting friendship with the bright moon and the figure, and we will meet and travel in the distant blue sky in the future. This shows the poet’s strong dissatisfaction with the dirty reality and his yearning for freedom and light in loneliness. This five-character poem has a novel concept, wonderful imagination, and profound emotions. It is a masterpiece with unique charm among Li Bai’s lyric poems. The poet placed himself in the beautiful scenery of a good time, and tried his best to exaggerate the quiet atmosphere. In the sharp contrast of tones, he expressed his deep lamentation that although the beautiful scenery is there, it is difficult to find a good friend. From an artistic point of view, the conception of this poem is very sublime. In the continuous song and loop, the poet’s emotions are expressed vividly. The seemingly cheerful words express a deep feeling of loneliness, thus forming a melody throughout the poem. The whole poem is composed continuously, vertically and horizontally, creating a novel and profound artistic conception, from which we can see his immortal talent and superhuman writing power.

15.Farewell[Wang Wei]

I got off my horse and drank your wine. I asked you where you were. You are dissatisfied with your words, so you return to sleep in the south mountain frontier. But don’t ask again, the white clouds are endless.

[Brief analysis] This farewell poem was originally said to be written when Meng Haoran returned to Nanshan. This poem expresses the author’s desire to go into seclusion and his reluctant farewell to his friend’s departure by writing about sending his friend off to seclusion. The whole poem uses questions and answers to say goodbye, which can be said to be unique and unconventional. The first sentence, “Dismount from your horse and drink your wine,” has a simple narrative and clever topic. It is not difficult to see from this that the friendship between the two is not only the best among academics, but also the most ordinary people. At the same time, in terms of composition, these two sentences also form the trend of straight and straight, making the continuation and transition of the last two sentences very natural. The valuable thing is that the poet cleverly answers the questions and answers in the first four sentences, leading to the final words of consolation to the friend to return to the mountains and forests, and relax and feel at ease. Such implicit and interesting poems make the whole article colorful. These two lines are the main theme of the whole poem. Shen Deqian said it well: “The endless white clouds are enough to entertain yourself. Don’t say that you are not satisfied.” (“Tang Poetry Collection”) This also expresses the poet’s longing for being far away from the world and whistling and flying. Lin Quan’s yearning and pursuit of reclusive life. Throughout the poem, the material selection is plain but the conception is clever, and the language is simple but full of affection. In terms of expression, the poetic flavor of the first four sentences seems to be very weak, but from the changes in the narrative, question and answer, it is not difficult for us to realize the author’s superb creative skills.

16. Huai Xin Da in the South Pavilion in summer [Meng Haoran]

The mountain light suddenly sets in the west, and the moon in the pool gradually rises in the east. Enjoy the evening coolness, open the pavilion and lie down in the open space, the lotus breeze brings fragrance, and the bamboo dew drops make a clear sound. I want to play the harp, but I hate the ignorance of the music. Feeling nostalgic for my old friend, I spend my whole night dreaming.

[Brief analysis] This five-character ancient poem about enjoying the cool weather on a summer night and remembering friends is also a famous piece that is light but interesting, fresh and integrated. This poem expresses the poet’s deep thoughts about his friends in the description of enjoying the cool air in summer. The poet created a quiet and tranquil artistic conception through his true feelings about the objective scenery and the leisurely and comfortable life of seclusion. The poem is written in Xia Xi, but it is very unique. The poet does not directly write about the setting sun in the west and the bright moon rising in the east. Instead, he writes about seeing the sun setting on the mountain and feeling that it is evening. The word “suddenly” is used here to indicate that the setting sun sets quickly in the west, which is also the poet’s subjective feeling. As night falls, the bright moon rises slowly from the east of the pond, and the distant view is close-up. The word “gradually” is used, which is the poet’s real feeling. It is contrasted with “suddenly” in the first sentence, showing the different states of the two moving scenes. This more vividly depicts the poet’s leisurely and unfettered hermit spirit. The two sentences “The lotus breeze brings fragrance, the bamboo dew drops make a clear sound” have always been praised as the best sentences for describing the scene in detail. The breeze blows, bringing the rich fragrance of lotus. It is a quiet night and the sound of dew dripping on the green bamboo can be heard. What a lonely summer night! After careful observation, the poet chose the dynamic scenery and sounds that best reflect the tranquility to describe, and received the artistic effect of using movement to highlight the silence in a specific environment. It also reflected the calmness of the poet’s secluded life. The last four sentences are about friends. On such a pleasant summer night, there are no close friends to talk about, and I want to play the piano to amuse myself, but there is no music to appreciate. The feeling of loneliness is doubled, and I miss my old friends even more, so that I dream about it all night long, and my feelings are trending. The whole poem is inspired by the scenery, showing friendship to the scenery, blending the scenes, and creating a quiet artistic conception.